Colic baby
March 13, 2024

What Causes Colic? A Simple Guide for Parents

Welcoming a new baby into your home is a time of joy and wonder, but it can also introduce a series of challenges, particularly when your little one starts exhibiting signs of discomfort and distress for no apparent reason. This can be a perplexing and exhausting time for new parents. One common issue that could be at the heart of your baby's distress is baby colic. Understanding baby colic, its causes, and how to alleviate its symptoms can transform this stressful experience into a manageable one. 

What Is Infant Colic? 

Infant colic is a condition characterized by prolonged periods of inconsolable crying or fussiness in a healthy, well-fed baby. It typically begins within the first few weeks of life and may last until the baby is 3 to 4 months old. While the exact cause of colic is not known, it is commonly linked to a mix of digestive system immaturity, gas, hormonal fluctuations, and overstimulation. Recognizing baby colic is the first step towards providing relief for your baby and restoring peace to your household. 

Common Causes of Colic 

The underlying etiology of colic is still unknown, but various factors are thought to contribute to this condition. These include: 

  1. Digestive System Immaturity

    Babies' digestive systems are still developing after birth, which can lead to indigestion and discomfort. 
  2. Gas

    Trapped air during feeding can cause discomfort and lead to colic-like symptoms. 
  3. Hormonal Changes

    Fluctuations in certain hormones can cause stomach discomfort and crying spells.
  4. Overstimulation

    Too much sensory input can overwhelm a baby, leading to prolonged crying episodes. 

Signs and Symptoms of Colic

Recognizing the signs of baby colic can help you understand when your baby is not just experiencing typical discomfort. Symptoms include: 

  • Intense crying episodes, often at the same time of day, usually in the late afternoon or evening. 
  • Clenching fists, arching the back, and tensing the abdominal muscles. 
  • Reddened face during crying spells. 
  • Difficulty soothing the baby despite trying various methods.

Coping Strategies for Parents 

Dealing with a colicky baby can be exhausting and emotionally draining. Here are some coping strategies: 

  • Take turns with your partner or a family member to give yourself a break. 
  • Ensure you're getting enough rest and nutrition. 

Soothing Techniques 

Several techniques can help soothe a colicky baby: 

Dietary and Feeding Considerations 

Feeding plays a crucial role in managing colic: 

  • Frequent burping: Helps to reduce gas and discomfort. 
  • Anti-colic bottles and nipples: These are designed to reduce the amount of air your baby swallows. 
  • Breastfeeding mothers: Consider your own diet and eliminate foods that may contribute to the baby's gas or discomfort. 

The Baby Forest Feeding Bottle has been meticulously designed with the wellbeing of your little one in mind, particularly addressing common feeding issues such as colic and gas. The cornerstone of this innovative bottle is its unique nipple design, which is specifically engineered to reduce the intake of air during feeding. This thoughtful feature minimizes the amount of gas and discomfort your baby may experience post-feed, promoting a happier, more comfortable feeding experience. 

The nipple mimics the natural feel and flow of breastfeeding, ensuring that your baby can latch on easily and feed effectively. This seamless transition between breast and bottle helps to maintain the natural feeding rhythm, which further aids in reducing the likelihood of colic and gas build-up.  

When to Consult a Pediatrician? 

While colic is generally a temporary phase, it's important to consult a pediatrician if: 

  • The crying is accompanied by fever, vomiting, or diarrhea. 
  • The baby is not gaining weight or has feeding difficulties. 
  • You're concerned about your baby's health and wellbeing for any reason. 

Although infant colic can be a distressing condition for both infants and parents, it's important to remember that it is usually temporary and resolves on its own by the time the baby is 3 to 4 months old. Understanding the various causes, recognizing the indications, and employing soothing measures can all help to ease your baby's discomfort. Always consult with your pediatrician to ensure that your approach to managing colic is safe and appropriate for your baby's specific needs. Remember, you're not alone in this journey, and with time and patience, this challenging phase will pass. 


  1. How can I help my baby with colic?

    Try soothing techniques like swaddling, rocking, and using white noise. Consider using anti-colic bottles for feeding and ensure the baby is burped properly after feeding. A warm bath or gentle tummy massage can also help. 
  2. How do I know if my baby has colic?

    If your baby cries intensely for more than three hours a day, more than three days a week, for three weeks or more, and there's no obvious reason like hunger or a dirty diaper, they may have colic. 
  3. What is the main cause of colic in babies?

    The exact cause is unknown, but potential factors include digestive system immaturity, gas, overstimulation, and an imbalance of healthy bacteria in the digestive tract.  
  4. Is colic painful for babies?

    While colic isn't always due to pain, the intense crying and fussing can suggest that the baby is experiencing discomfort or distress. 
  5. Why is colic worse at night?

    Colic can be worse at night due to the baby's natural circadian rhythms, which are not yet fully developed. Additionally, they may be more tired and overstimulated by the end of the day, exacerbating the symptoms. 
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